Ask students to raise their hands rather than shouting out contributions to enable you to call on students who contribute less often.

Ask students to raise their hands rather than shouting out contributions to enable you to call on students who contribute less often.
1 (2 votes)

Action:

  • When establishing norms for classroom discussions on the first day of class, ask students to raise their hands rather than shouting contributions.
  • Tell students that you’ll wait to see at least a certain number of hands up before calling on anyone.
  • You can call on students who have volunteered, but who typically contribute less often.
  • Explain your reason for employing this technique to students.
  • If you sometimes want them to raise their hands and other times shout shout out the answer, make clear to them when each is appropriate.

Reason:

  • Faculty expectations for students vary and there is no way for students to know the norm unless it is explicit.
  • This can help ensure that all students have the opportunity to think through a problem you pose before someone says an answer.