Avoid reinforcing even seemingly positive stereotypes to avoid creating inappropriate pressures and expectations.


  • Do not condone the application of stereotypes.
  • Teach students that confirmation bias (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confirmation_bias) can reinforce their belief in a stereotype, even when the stereotype is not true.
  • Encourage students to recognize that every group of people includes variation.


  • Some stereotypes, such as “Asians are good at math” are positive statements about a group and may appear unproblematic. However, such statements are relational; saying that Asian people are good at math implies that another group is less good at math. Moreover, it creates inappropriate pressures for all Asians (or whatever group is being positively stereotyped) to behave in some expected way.