Develop and disseminate rubrics for your assignments to reduce the potential of instructor bias in assigning grades.


  • Provide students the rubric you will use for grading their assignment.


  • Providing a rubric helps clarify your expectations to students.
  • If receiving an A on an assignment requires students to go “above expectations,” students might have unequal cultural preparation to know what might count as meeting these unstated, undefined expectations.
  • The University of Nevada, Las Vegas, UNLV, has a Transparency in Learning and Teaching Project, which documents the benefits of being transparent in our expectations of students. Additional resources and research findings are available at: