Identify background knowledge that students need to be successful in your course to help students identify and address gaps in their preparation.


  • Articulate any course prerequisites and content knowledge that will be assumed in your course.
  • For content knowledge that students students might need to review, identify resources that they can use.


  • Students’ varied preparation for the course may prevent some students from being successful. Having completed a prerequisite course may not mean that the student is currently comfortable with that content knowledge.
  • As novices, students need support identifying gaps in their preparation.