Provide structure and best practices if students lead discussions to ensure that the discussion meets your goals for non-presenters.


  • Before students lead a discussion make sure that they understand your goals of having:

    • Civil and respectful discussion
    • Opportunities for all students to contribute
    • Discussion of topics important to the class.
  • Ask student discussion leaders to prepare questions in advance and identify what types of contributions each question might generate.
  • Before students lead a discussion, model and draw students’ attention to the strategies you use to facilitating in-class discussions.
  • You can give student discussion leaders access to classroom discussion tips or examples of strategies that they can chose from (


  • Leading discussion can be difficult and students will likely need support to lead effective discussions.