Have students brainstorm clarifying questions for the reading to clear misunderstandings before beginning the class discussion.


  • Before class, ask students to generate clarifying questions for the reading. It can be helpful to ask students to also include with each question what steps they have taken to try to answer the question themselves. This can help students practice using their resources to address their own questions.
  • At the beginning of class you can answer students’ questions or allow students to do so.


  • These questions encourage students to do the reading, reflect on how much they understand, and help you determine how best to guide the discussion.